कौशल्या का आशीर्वाद देना, राम का सीता के भवन जाना >> अयोध्या-काण्ड



In this chapter Kausalya bids farewell to Rama preparing to go to forest. Rama leaves her residence and goes to Seetha.
सा अपनीय तम् आयासम् उपस्पृश्य जलम् शुचि |
चकार माता रामस्य मन्गलानि मनस्विनी || २-२५-१
Kausalya, the magnanimous mother putting away her grief, sipped water from the palm of the hand, became purified and performed rites conducive to the welfare of Rama.
न शक्यसे वारयौइतुम् गच्छेदानीम् रघुत्तम |
श्रीघ्रम् च विनिवर्तस्व वर्तस्व च सताम् क्रमे || २-२५-२
"Oh, Rama! Your departure cannot be restrained, depart now, return soon. Abide in the footsteps of the virtuous."
यम् पालयसि धर्मम् त्वम् धृत्या च नियमेन च |
सवै राघवशार्दुल! धर्मस्त्वामभिरक्षतु || २-२५-३
"Oh, Rama! Let that righteousness, which you are fostering with courage and discipline , protect you".
येभ्यः प्रणमसे पुत्र चैत्येष्वायतनेषु च |
ते च त्वामभिरक्षन्तु वने सह महर्षिभिः || २-२५-४
"Oh, son! To whom you will be bowing in salutation at cross-roads and in temples, those along with great saints will protect you in the forest.
यानि दत्तानि तेऽ स्त्राणि विश्वामित्रेण धीमता |
तानि त्वामभिरक्षन्तु गुणैस्समुदितम् सदा || २-२५-५
"All the arms given by the wise sage Viswamitra to you, will ever protect you who are rich in good qualities"
पितृशुश्रुषया पुत्र मातृशु श्रूषया तथा |
सत्येन च महाबाहो चिरम् जीवाभिरक्षितः || २-२५-६
"Oh, son with magnificent arms! Protected by your service to father and service to mother as well as truthfulness, you will belong-lived"
समित्कुशपवित्राणि वेद्यश्चायतनानि च |
स्थण्ढिलानि विचित्राणि शैला वृक्षाः कुशुफा ह्रदाः || २-२५-७
पतङ्गाः पन्नगाः सिम्हास्त्वाम् रक्षन्तु नरोत्तम |
"Oh, Rama, the best among men! May the wooden sticks used for feeding the sacred fire, blades of the sacred Kusa grass and rings of Kusa grass(worn on the forth finger on sacrificial occasions)sacrificial altars , temples and various sites selected by Brahmanas for worship of gods, mountains, trees, bushes, large and deep pools of water, birds, snakes and lions protect you."
स्वस्ति साध्याः च विश्वे च मरुतः च महर्षयः || २-२५-८
स्वस्ति धाता विधाता च स्वस्ति पूषा भगो अर्यमा |
ऋतवः चैव पक्षाः च मासाः सम्वत्सराः क्षपाः || २-२५-९
"May the saadhyas and viswadevas (two different kinds of gods) and wind-gods along with eminent sages ensure your happiness. May the cosmic person and the creator bring happiness to you. May the Pusha, Bhaga and Aryama (three of the twelve sons of Aditi)and the guardians of the spheres with Indra as their Head do good to you."
ऋतवश्चैव पक्षाश्च मासास्सम्वत्सराः क्षपाः |
दिनानि च मुहूर्ताः च स्वस्ति कुर्वन्तु ते सदा || २-२५-१०
"May the six seasons, all the fortnights and months, years, nights, days and hours always do good to you.
स्मृतिर् धृतिः च धर्मः च पान्तु त्वाम् पुत्र सर्वतः |
स्कन्दः च भगवान् देवः सोमः च सबृहस्पतिः || २-२५-११
सप्त ऋषयो नारदः च ते त्वाम् रक्षन्तु सर्वतः |
"May Veda, the Smriti texts taken as one body, the resolution and the piety protect you, my son! May lord Skanda (the younger son of Lord Siva)and the moon god along with the sage Brihaspati(the preceptor of gods), the well known seven sages as well as Sage Narada guard you on all sides."
याश्चापि सर्वतः सिद्दा दिश्श्च सदिगीश्वराः || २-२५-१२
स्तुता मया वने तस्मिन् पान्तुत्वाम् पुत्र नित्यशः |
"May the four quarters along with the glorious guardians of the four quarters which are enlogised by me may protect you always on all sides in that forest."
शैलाः सर्वे समुद्राश्च राजा वरुण एव च || २-२५-१३
द्यौरन्तरिक्षम् पृथिवी नद्यस्सर्वास्तथैव च |
नक्षत्राणि च सर्वाणि ग्रहाः च सहदेवताः || २-२५-१४
अहोरात्रे तथा सन्ध्ये पान्तु त्वाम् वनमाश्रितम् |
" Let all mountains , oceans, king(of oceans) Varuna, heaven and earth, the intermediate space between them , rivers , astrological mansions including gods presiding over them, day and night, the morning and evening twilights may protect you while you reside in the forest ."
ऋतवश्चैव ष्ट्पुण्या मासाः सम्वत्सरास्तथा || २-२५-१५
कलाश्च काष्ठाश्च तथा तव शर्म दिशन्तु ते |
"The six holy seasons, months, years and the measures of time known as Kala (equilent to one minute) and Kastha(1/30th of Kala or two seconds)bestow you happiness"
महा वनानि चरतः मुनि वेषस्य धीमतः || २-२५-१६
तवादित्याश्च दैत्याश्च भवन्तु सुखदाः सदा |
"Let the heavenly deities and the demons too ever grant happiness on you while you traverse through the large forest, in the guise of a hermit and full of wisdom "
राक्षसानाम् पिशाचानाम् रौद्राणाम् क्रूरकर्मणाम् || २-२५-१७
क्रव्यादानाम् च सर्वेषम् माभूत्पुत्रक ते भयम् |
"Oh, son! Let there not be fear for you of demons the terrible ones performing cruel deeds, of devilish beings called Pisachas and of all carnivorous animals."
प्लवगा वृश्चिका दंशा मशकाः चैव कानने || २-२५-१८
सरी सृपाः च कीटाः च मा भूवन् गहने तव |
"In that impenetrable forest occupied by you, let there be no monkeys, scorpions, gad fies, mosquitoes, snakes or other insects ."
महा द्विपाः च सिम्हाः च व्याघ्राऋक्षाः च दम्ष्ट्रिणः || २-२५-१९
महिषाः शृन्गिणो रौद्रा न ते द्रुह्यन्तु पुत्रक |
"Oh, son! Let the great elephants , lions with tusks, tigers, bears, terrible he-buffaloes with horns not to be hostile to you.
नृ मांस भोजना रौद्रा ये च अन्ये सत्त्व जातयः || २-२५-२०
मा च त्वाम् हिंसिषुः पुत्र मया सम्पूजिताः तु इह |
"Oh, son! Let the other ferocious man-eaters belonging to animal-species, being worshipped by me here, not hurt you."
आगमाः ते शिवाः सन्तु सिध्यन्तु च पराक्रमाः || २-२५-२१
सर्व सम्पत्तयो राम स्वस्तिमान् गच्च पुत्रक |
"Oh, Rama, my son! May your path-ways be propitious ! Let your valour be powerful! Go well with all accomplishments!.
स्वस्ति ते अस्तु आन्तरिक्षेभ्यः पार्थिवेभ्यः पुनः पुनः || २-२५-२२
सर्वेभ्यः चैव देवेभ्यो ये च ते परिपन्थिनः |
"Let there be security to you against those dwelling in the atmosphere and on the earth as well as against all the celestials as also your enemies."
गुरुः सोमश्च सूर्यश्च धनदोऽथ यमस्तथा || २-२५-२३
पान्तु त्वामर्चिता राम! दण्डकारण्यवासिनम् |
"Oh, Rama! May Venus and the moon as also the sun and Kubera (the god of wealth) and Yama (the god of death) who are being worshipped by me, protect you, while you reside in the forest of Dandaka"
अग्निर्वायुस्तथा धूमोमन्त्राश्चर्षिमुखाच्च्युताः || २-२५-२४
उपस्पर्शनकाले तु पान्तु त्वाम् रघुन्ददन |
"Oh, Rama! May sacred hymns coming forth from fire, air , vapour, and from the mouth of singer of sacred hymns protect you at the time of taking bath."
सर्व लोक प्रभुर् ब्रह्मा भूत भर्ता तथा ऋषयः || २-२५-२५
ये च शेषाः सुराः ते त्वाम् रक्षन्तु वन वासिनम् |
"Let Siva, the lord of all spheres, Brahma, the lord of creation, Vishnu, the nourisher of beings, the sages and the rest of the celestials may protect you dwelling in the forest.
इति माल्यैः सुर गणान् गन्धैः च अपि यशस्विनी || २-२५-२६
स्तुतिभिः च अनुरूपाभिर् आनर्च आयत लोचना |
Uttering thus, the illustrious Kausalya having large eyes, worshipped troops of divinities with garlands , sandal paste and befitting hymns of praise.
ज्वलनम् समुपादाय ब्राह्मणेन महात्मना || २-२५-२७
हावयामास विधिना राममङ्गलकारणात् |
Duly procuring fire, she caused oblation to be poured into it, as per the direction of a high souled brahmana for the purpose of Rama's well- being .
घृतम् श्वेतानि माल्यानि समिधः श्वेतसर्षपान् || २-२५-२८
उपसम्पादयामास कौसल्या पमाङ्गना |
Kausalya, the excellent woman procured clarified butter , white garlands, ceremonial sticks and white mustard seeds.
उपाध्यायः स विधिना हुत्व शान्तिमनामयम् || २-२५-२९
हुतहव्यावशेषेण बाह्यम् बलिमकल्पयत् |
That preceptor performed ceremony for peace as per the statute as well as without error and carried out propitiatory oblation externally with the remaining sacrificial food left after the main offering .
मधुदद्यक्षतघृतैः स्वस्तिवाच्य द्विजाम् स्ततः || २-२५-३०
वाचयामास रामस्य वने स्वस्त्ययनक्रियाः |
She then got brahmanas to pronounce blessings with honey, curd , unbroken grains of rice and clarified butter by the repetition of certain hymns and to utter prayers for the well - being of Rama in the forest.
ततस्तन्मै द्विजेन्द्राय राममाता यशस्विनी || २-२५-३१
दक्षिणाम् प्रददौ काम्याम् राघवम् चेदमब्रवीत् |
The illustrious Kausalya gave the desired fee to that chief of brahmanas and spoke as follows to Rama:-
यन् मन्गलम् सहस्र अक्षे सर्व देव नमः कृते || २-२५-३२
वृत्र नाशे समभवत् तत् ते भवतु मन्गलम् |
"Which felicity occurred in Devendra the thousand- eyed, adored by all celestials when a demon called Vritta was destroyed, let that felicity occur to you"
यन् मन्गलम् सुपर्णस्य विनता अकल्पयत् पुरा || २-२५-३३
अमृतम् प्रार्थयानस्य तत् ते भवतु मन्गलम् |
"Which blessing was invoked by Vinata to Garuda who was setting off to bring nectar in the past , may that blessing happen to you."
अमृतोत्पादने दैत्यान् घ्नतो वज्रधरस्य यत् || २-२५-३४
अदितिर्मङ्गळम् प्रादात् तत्ते भवतु मङ्गळम् |
"While blessing was bestowed on Devendra, the wielder of the thunderbolt , killing the demons at the time of producing nectar, let that blessing come to you "
तीन्विक्रमान् प्रकमतो विष्णोरमिततेजसः || २-२५-३५
यदासीन्मङ्गळम् प्रादात् तत्ते भवतु मङ्गळम् |
"Oh, Rama! Which good fortune occurred to Vishnu who was immensely glorious while making his three strides (in order to measure the three worlds), let that good fortune come to you
ऋतवः सागरा द्वीपा वेदा लोका दिश्श्चते || २-२५-३६
मम्गळानि महाबाहो दिशन्तु शुभवङ्गळाः |
"Oh, Rama, the mighty armed! May the seasons , oceans , Dvipas (principal division of earth girdled by oceans ), vedas, various spheres and quarters confer blessings with good luck to you."
इति पुत्रस्य शेषाश्च कृत्वा शिरसि भामिनी || २-२५-३७
गन्दांश्चापि समालभ्य राममायतलो चना |
ओषधीम् च अपि सिद्ध अर्थाम् विशल्य करणीम् शुभाम् || २-२५-३८
चकार रक्षाम् कौसल्या मन्त्रैः अभिजजाप च |
saying so, Kausalya, the large eyed proud woman placed some unbroken rice grains on her son's head, smeared varieties of sandal pastes over his body, fastened about his wrist by way of an amulet, a herb called Visalyakarani(so called because it helps in painlessly extracting an arrow stuck into one's body )which is efficacious and auspicious and muttered sacred hymns in order to enhance its virtue.
उवाचातिप्रहृष्टेव सा दुःखवशर्तिनी || २-२५-३९
वाङ्मात्रेण न भावेन वाचा संसज्जमानया |
Though filled with grief inside, she appeared to be over-joyed outside and with faltering words , spoke thus with only mouth and not with her heart.
आनम्य मूर्ध्नि च आघ्राय परिष्वज्य यशस्विनी || २-२५-४०
अवदत् पुत्र सिद्ध अर्थो गच्च राम यथा सुखम् |
The illusrious Kausalya embraced Rama, smelling his head by bending it and spoke these words "Rama, my son! Go with ease with accomplishment of purpose, as you are."
अरोगम् सर्व सिद्ध अर्थम् अयोध्याम् पुनर् आगतम् || २-२५-४१
पश्यामि त्वाम् सुखम् वत्स सुस्थितम् राज वेश्मनि |
Oh, son! With all your purposes fulfilled and with good health, I shall see you returning to Ayodhya happily and taking over the reins of the kingdom
प्रणष्ठदुःखसंकल्पा हर्षविद्योतितानना || २-२५-४२
द्रक्ष्यामि त्वाम् वनात्र्पाप्तम् पूर्णचन्द्रमिवोदितम् |
"All my thoughts of grief having been expulsed and my face shining with joy, I shall behold you returning from the forest like the full moon rising from the horizon"
भद्रासनगतम् राम वनवासादिहागतम् || २-२५-४३
द्रक्षामि च पुनस्त्वाम् तु तीर्णवन्तम् पितुर्वचः |
"Oh, Rama! I shall behold you returning here from your sojourn in the forest, having fulfilled your father's word and installed on the splendid throne."
मङ्गशैरुपसम्पन्नो वनवासादिहागतः || २-२५-४४
पध्वा मम च नित्यम् त्वम् कामान् सम्वर्ध याहि भोः |
"Having come here from your sojourn in the forest, you will be familiar with auspicious things and will ever be augmenting the desires of my daughter-in-law and of me. Depart now, Oh, Rama !"
मया अर्चिता देव गणाः शिव आदयो |
महर्षयो भूत महा असुर उरगाः |
अभिप्रयातस्य वनम् चिराय ते|
हितानि कान्क्षन्तु दिशः च राघव || २-२५-४५
"Oh, Rama! Worshipped by me, let the hosts of gods headed by Siva, the Supreme Being, the great sages, spirits, the chief of evil spirits, the celestial serpents and the (four)quarters wish well of you, who is setting forth to forest, "
इति इव च अश्रु प्रतिपूर्ण लोचना|
समाप्य च स्वस्त्ययनम् यथा विधि |
प्रदक्षिणम् चैव चकार राघवम् |
पुनः पुनः च अपि निपीड्य सस्वजे || २-२५-४६
Having so said and having completed the rite of invoking blessings befittingly, Kausalya whose eyes were overflowing with tears, further went clockwise around Rama and having pressed close to him, embraced again and again.
तथा तु देव्या स कृत प्रदक्षिणो |
निपीड्य मातुः चरणौ पुनः पुनः |
जगाम सीता निलयम् महा यशाः |
स राघवः प्रज्वलितः स्वया श्रिया || २-२५-४७
Having been done circumbulation (as a mark of protection) thus by the pious woman Kausalya, that highly illustrious Rama pressing his mother's feet again and again , shining by his own splendour, went to Sita's house
|| इति रामयने अयोध्य कान्द पन्चविंसः सर्ग ||