रावण का सीता को अन्तःपुर दर्शन >> अरण्य-काण्ड



Ravana entices Seetha to marry him by demonstrating various luxuries and comforts, and even baiting her to become his empress. The words of Ravana have some latent meanings as derived by ancient commentators and they are included here, as far as possible.

संदिश्य राक्षसान् घोरान् रावणो अष्टौ महाबलान् |
आत्मानम् बुद्धि वैक्लव्यात् कृत कृत्यम् अमन्यत || ३-५५-१
On directing those eight ghastly demons Ravana is amused in his heart of hearts that he has accomplished a great feat. [3-55-1]
स चिंतयानो वैदेहीम् काम बाण संप्रपीडितः |
प्रविवेश गृहम् रम्यम् सीताम् द्रष्टुम् अभित्वरन् || ३-५५-२
On continually musing upon Vaidehi Ravana is tormented with the arrows of Love-god, thereby to lay eyes on Seetha he post-hastily entered the beautiful palace. [3-55-2]
स प्रविश्य तु तत् वेश्म रावणो राक्षस अधिपः |
अपश्यत् राक्षसी मध्ये सीताम् दुःख परायणम् || ३-५५-३
On entering the palace-chamber that supremo of demons beheld Seetha overwhelmed with ruefulness amongst demonesses. [3-55-3]
अश्रु पूर्ण मुखीम् दीनाम् शोक भार अवपीडिताम् |
वायु वेगैः इव आक्रांताम् मज्जन्तीम् नावम् अर्णवे || ३-५५-४
मृग यूथ परिभ्रष्टाम् मृगीम् श्वभिः इव आवृताम् |
अधोगत मुखीम् सीताम् ताम् अभ्येत्य निशाचरः || ३-५५-५
ताम् तु शोक वशात् दीनाम् अवशाम् राक्षस अधिपः |
स बलात् दर्शयामास गृहम् देव गृह उपमम् || ३-५५-६
She whose visage is brimming over with tears, one browbeaten and downtrodden with the burden of bewail, one capsized like a boat that is about to capsize in an ocean spreadeagled with whirlwinds, and one alike an impala altogether swerved from its herd of impala yet hemmed in with dog-wolves, that nightwalker came nigh of such a Seetha whose face is downcast unwilling to see any, and to such a pitiable Seetha who is in the shackles of her sorrow, that supremo of demons compellingly started to show his palace which is similar to any paradisiacal palace. [3-55-4, 5, 6]
हर्म्य प्रासाद संबधम् स्त्री सहस्र निषेवितम् |
नाना पक्षि गणैः जुष्टम् नाना रत्न समन्वितम् || ३-५५-७
दान्तकैः तापनीयैः च स्फाटिकै राजतैः तथा |
वज्र वैदूर्य चित्रैः च स्तम्भैः दृष्टि मनोरमैः || ३-५५-८
दिव्य दुन्दुभि निर्घोषम् तप्त कांचन भूषणम् |
That paradisiacal mansion house of Decahedral Ravana is congestive with innumerable cupolaed skyscrapers, adored with thousands of females, frequented by diverse bevies of birds, and it comprised of numerous gemstones. The pillars are amazingly gilded with engraving of ivory, gilt, quartz, silvern linocuts, and they are even embossed with diamonds and with lapis gems, which are heart-pleasing for a look. The drumbeats of divine drums are echoing in entire palace, and its archways are adorned with the gildings of pure gold. [3-55-7, 8, 9a]
सोपानम् कांचनम् चित्रम् आरुरोह तया सह || ३-५५-९
दान्तका राजताः चैव गवाक्षाः प्रिय दर्शनाः |
हेम जाला आवृताः च आसन् तत्र प्रासाद पंक्तयः || ३-५५-१०
Ravana walked up the wonderful golden staircase along with Seetha, and the rows of skyscrapers with windows that are ivoried and silvered and with window-blinds are seen from the windows of the landing on that flight of stairs, which are also ivoried and silvered windows with window-blinds, and all are amusing for sight. [3-55-9b, 10]
सुधा मणि विचित्राणि भूमि भागानि सर्वशः |
दशग्रीवः स्व भवने प्रादर्शयत मैथिलीम् || ३-५५-११
That Decahedral Ravana displayed the multiple stories of his own palace which is all over white-marbled and diamond encrusted to Maithili. [3-55-11]
दीर्घिकाः पुष्करिण्यः च नाना पुष्प समावृताः |
रावणो दर्शयामास सीताम् शोक परायणाम् || ३-५५-१२
Ravana continued to display the descendible wellsprings and leisure pools from which diverse flowers have sprung and overspread them, regardless of Seetha's languishing under her anguish. [3-55-12]
दर्शयित्वा तु वैदेहीम् कृत्स्नम् तत् भवन उत्तमम् |
उवाच वाक्यम् पापात्मा सीताम् लोभितुम् इच्छया || ३-५५-१३
On flaunting his best palace in its entirety to Vaidehi that dirty-minded Ravana spoke this sentence to Seetha in order that she may be tempted on her own, lustily. [3-55-13]
दश राक्षस कोट्यः च द्वाविंशतिः अथ अपराः |
वर्जयित्वा जरा वृद्धान् बालान् च रजनीचरान् || ३-५५-१४
तेषाम् प्रभुः अहम् सीते सर्वेषाम् भीम कर्मणाम् |
"Oh, Seetha, ten crores of first-rated demons are there, furthermore, twenty-two crores of demons of ghastly exploits are there, thus all put together, three hundred twenty millions of demons are there in Lanka, omitting the weakish, oldish, youngish demons. For all of them I am the lord." Thus Ravana started his self-eulogy. [3-55-14, 15a]
सहस्रम् एकम् एकस्य मम कार्य पुरःसरम् || ३-५५-१५
यत् इदम् राज्य तंत्रम् मे त्वयि सर्वम् प्रतिष्ठितम् |
जीवितम् च विशालाक्षि त्वम् मे प्राणैः गरीयसी || ३-५५-१६
"For every single work of mine a thousand servitors will rush in. Such as I am I pledge entire life of mine along with the suzerainty of this sovereign city-state Lanka to you, oh, broad-eyed lady, for you are loftier than my lives. [3-55-15b, 16]
बह्वीनाम् उत्तम स्त्रीणाम् मम यो असौ परिग्रहः |
तासाम् त्वम् ईश्वरी सीते मम भार्या भव प्रिये || ३-५५-१७
"Oh, Seetha, you will become an empress for all of the those countless females of finest fabric amassed by me, oh, dear, if only you marry me. [3-55-17]
साधु किम् ते अन्यया बुद्ध्या रोचयस्व वचो मम |
भजस्व मा अभितप्तस्य प्रसादम् कर्तुम् अर्हसि || ३-५५-१८
"You be keen on my amiable words and it will be apt of you to show compassion on me, for I have burning desire for you, and of what use is your thinking conversely about that long-lost Rama? [3-55-18]
परिक्षिप्ता समुद्रेण लंका इयम् शत योजना |
न इयम् धर्षयितुम् शक्या स इन्द्रैः अपि सुर असुरैः || ३-५५-१९
"It is impossible to assail this Lanka even for Indra with all of the gods and demons, as an ocean roundly enshrouds this Lanka which is hundred-yojana-s witdthwise. [3-55-19]
न देवेषु न यक्षेषु न गंधर्वेषु न ऋषिषु |
अहम् पश्यामि लोकेषु यो मे वीर्य समो भवेत् || ३-५५-२०
"I behold none matchable to my vitality is existent among gods; among yaksha-s - no; among gandharva-s - no; among sages - no, nor anyone in any world. [3-55-20]
राज्य भ्रष्टेन दीनेन तापसेन पदातिना |
किम् करिष्यसि रामेण मानुषेण अल्प तेजसा || ३-५५-२१
"What can you achieve with that dethroned, hapless, seer, vagrant Rama who is short-lived, for after all, he is a human with littlest vitality? [3-55-21]
भजस्व सीते माम् एव भर्ता अहम् सदृशः तव |
यौवनम् हि अध्रुवम् भीरु रमस्व इह मया सह || ३-५५-२२
"Oh, Seetha, you apotheosise me only for I am your seemliest husband, oh, jumpy lady, indeed, primeness has impermanence, thus here you be blithesome with me. [3-55-22]
दर्शने मा कृथाः बुद्धिम् राघवस्य वरानने |
का अस्य शक्तिः इह आगंतुम् अपि सीते मनोरथैः || ३-५५-२३
"Oh, beautifully visaged lady, it is needless to have half a mind to see that Raghava, oh, Seetha, even if his wits chariot him what is his calibre to come thither crossing an un-crossable ocean? [3-55-23]
न शक्यो वायुः आकाशे पाशैः बद्धम् महाजवः |
दीप्यमानस्य वा अपि अग्नेः ग्रहीतुम् विमलाम् शिखाम् || ३-५५-२४
"It is impossible to knot the currents of cyclonic gusts in mid air, more so, it is impracticable to lay hold on the tongues of radiately irradiant fire. [3-55-24]
त्रयाणाम् अपि लोकानाम् न तम् पश्यामि शोभने |
विक्रमेण नयेत् यः त्वाम् मत् बाहु परिपालिताम् || ३-५५-२५
"Oh, benefactress of bliss, he who can lead you back with his valour, while you are being fended off by my mighty arms, him I do not envisage even in any one world of this threefold world. [3-55-25]
लंकायाम् सुमहत् राज्यम् इदम् त्वम् अनुपालय |
त्वत् प्रेष्या मत् विधा चैव देवाः च अपि चर अचरम् || ३-५५-२६
"You rule over this very great empire of Lanka as an empress of Lanka, while me and mine, also thus all gods like me who hitherto are under my rule, and all mobile and sessile entities of whom I am the ruler, they too will hereafter make ourselves useful as your royal stewards, if you marry me. [3-55-26]
अभिषेक उदक क्लिन्ना तुष्टा च रमयस्व माम् |
दुष्कृतम् यत् पुरा कर्म वन वासेन तद् गतम् || ३-५५-२७
यत् च ते सुकृतो धर्मः तस्य इह फलम् आप्नुहि |
"Wet with the waters of anointment you be elated and then delight me. By your damnable dwelling in forests bygone is your bad-luck that you misdealt in bygone times. And what dutiable good deed is to be done by you in marrying me, you do that now, and secure the fruits of that good deed here by marrying me. [3-55-27, 28a]
इह सर्वाणि माल्यानि दिव्य गंधानि मैथिलि || ३-५५-२८
भूषणानि च मुख्यानि तानि सेव मया सह |
"Oh, Maithili, here all the garlands are divinely fragranced and the jewellery is topmost, you will dress up with them along with me should you become my wife. [3-55-28b]
पुष्पकम् नाम सुश्रोणि भ्रातुः वैश्रवणस्य मे || ३-५५-२९
विमानम् सूर्य संकाशम् तरसा निर्जितम् रणे |
"Oh, well-waisted lady, just by my might I notched up an aircraft known as Pushpaka from my brother Kubera in a war with him, which is similar sun in its shine. [3-55-29b. 30a]
विशालम् रमणीयम् च तत् विमानम् मनो जवम् || ३-५५-३०
तत्र सीते मया सार्धम् विहरस्व यथा सुखम् |
"That aircraft is expansive and exhilarating, also its speed is on par with intuition, oh, Seetha, in that you can cheerfully fly about along with me, should you marry me. [3-55-30b, 31a]
वदनम् पद्म संकाशम् विमलम् चारु दर्शनम् || ३-५५-३१
शोक आर्तम् तु वरारोहे न भ्राजति वर आनने |
"Oh, lady with a comely countenance, your visage is lotus similar in its shine, besides being immaculate, fairish and eyeful, but oh, curvaceous lady, with such a mushily maudlin of such a face this palace of mine is unbright, thus marry me to brighten everything" Thus Ravana spoke to Seetha. [3-55-31b, 32a]
एवम् वदति तस्मिन् सा वस्त्र अन्तेन वर अंगना || ३-५५-३२
पिधाय इन्दु निभम् सीता मंदम् अश्रून् अवर्तयत् |
While Ravana is speaking to her in this way that graceful lady Seetha veiled her moonier face with fringe of her sari, and stiflingly dispelled tears on that mooniest face behind her half-veil. [3-55-32b, 33a]
ध्यायन्तीम् ताम् इव अस्वस्थाम् सीताम् चिंता हत प्रभाम् || ३-५५-३३
उवाच वचनम् वीरो रावणो रजनी चरः |
To her who is disconcerted and whose anguish marred her brilliance and who is appearing as though pondering over the question of her submittal to Ravana, or otherwise, although she is meditating, to such a Seetha Ravana the nightwalker said these words. [3-55-33b, 34a]
अलम् व्रीडेन वैदेहि धर्म लोप कृतेन ते || ३-५५-३४
आर्षो अयम् देवि निष्यन्दो यः त्वाम् अभिगमिष्यति |
"Oh, Vaidehi, enough is this embarrassment of yours presuming that your consorting with me is detrimental to scriptural canons, oh, empress, what that is approaching you in the form of queen-hood is absolutely compatible with the tradition.

Or

"Oh, Vaidehi, enough is this embarrassment of yours presuming that your consorting with me is detrimental to scriptural canons, what that is approaching you in the mode of queen-hood is ordained by gods and it is absolutely traditional. [3-55-34b, 35a]
एतौ पादौ मया स्निग्धौ शिरोभिः परिपीडितौ || ३-५५-३५
प्रसादम् कुरु मे क्षिप्रम् वश्यो दासो अहम् अस्मि ते |
"Let these two feet of yours be massaged by my ten heads, do me favour readily, for I am your subordinate and servant. [3-55-35b. 36a]
इमाः शून्या मया वाचः शुष्यमाणेन भाषिताः || ३-५५-३६
न च अपि रावणः कांचित् मूर्ध्ना स्त्रीम् प्रणमेत ह |
"I with a lustful hollow-heart spoke all these hollow words that are unbefitting to my stature, indeed, Ravana will never supplicate headlong to whosoever woman. [3-55-36b, 36c]
एवम् उक्त्वा दशग्रीवो मैथिलीम् जनक आत्मजाम् |
कृत अन्त वशम् आपन्नो मम इयम् इति मन्यते || ३-५५-३७
That Decahedral Ravana on speaking thus to Maithili, who is the daughter of Janaka, deemed that 'she is mine,' as he has gone under the sway of the Terminator. [3-55-37]
इति वाल्मीकि रामायणे आदि काव्ये अरण्य काण्डे पंच पंचाशः सर्गः